Testing & Validating Financial Measures with IPV Survivors
This project builds on previous evaluations of the “Moving Ahead Through Financial Management” curriculum conducted by VAWC. Results showed that survivors in the experimental group had significantly higher scores in financial attitudes, financial literacy, economic self-efficacy, economic self-sufficiency, financial intentions, and financial behaviors than those in the control group, and these changes were statistically significant over time.
The current project, Testing and Validating Financial Measures with IPV Survivors, used the data collected from that study and conducted further analyses to learn about the English and Spanish language scales used. The overall purpose of this project was first to analyze the measures used in the financial empowerment study (Phase I) and then validate the scales related to the financial experiences of women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) with a new sample of both English and Spanish-speaking IPV survivors (Phase II). During Phase I, between June 2018 and September 2018, the original data from the evaluation of the “Moving Ahead Through Financial Management” was re-analyzed by separately examining the Spanish and English samples, and the financial scales were revised and finalized in English and Spanish.
During Phase II, between November 2018 and January 2020, 425 women were recruited from seven agencies in New York, New Jersey, and Puerto Rico. Face-to-face individual interviews were used to administer a questionnaire with the nine financial and abuse scales. Of the final sample, eight participants were removed due to missing data, duplication, or experience of violence other than IPV, resulting in a final analytical sample of 417 women, of which 20 completed the questionnaire in English and 208 completed the questionnaire in Spanish.
The results of this analysis provide evidence that four of the scales are appropriate for use with English and Spanish-speaking survivors of IPV (Scale of Economic Self-Sufficiency, Financial Management Attitudes Scale, and the Scales of Financial Behaviors and Intentions). These four scales demonstrate an ability to measure the intended construct in both languages. The remainder of the scales demonstrate that language differences do not bias the results, but several items did not meet measurement equivalence across English and Spanishspeaking survivors of IPV.